What’s the Test Automation? Popular Testing Tools

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What’s the Test Automation? Popular Testing Tools

There are visible differences between the manual tests and automated tests. The manual one requires physical time and effort in order to provide a software structure that will work dedicatedly. Additionally, the manuel test needs to record every action that it makes which includes daily files, exceptional services, and database errors. This step is quite time-consumer and repeater.

Automated testing helps the user to protect the scenarios and discovery test and the general structure expands. The automated test also provides a deeper and broader test experience.

There are many ways to make Automated testing on IOS, let’s go deeper.


A few years ago, Apple, JavaScript Automation Framework was stopped and XCUITest was converted. XCUITest provides a digital library that you can write to Swift and Objective-C for your UI tests.

  • Testing Text’s Visibility

There is one important thing to take into consideration, you do not have to control the equipment that have their values such as Labels and Buttons…etc. That is why the user needs to be informed about screening to test the values already exist on the screen.

  • Bargaining for Item Visibility

XCUITest Works on its own process besides some advantages and disadvantages. You can observe whole the screen but it is not possible to control everything. The good part of this,  it prevents developers making mistakes including values that normal users do not have. Besides that, being in a seperated process requires more time to synchronize the application. This consumes time and causes the process to work slower. Moreover, it could end with a conclusion that XCUITest being not able to find the needed item during the work.

In order not to have errors, item visibility could be expected.

An item waits with ‘’Go!’’ text and the test continues if error happens in 5 seconds. Otherwise it might not work properly.

Engagement with Items

Another common use area is engagement with items, and it is as easy as clicking a button.

Note: After a while, XCUITest would choose the default button if an UIAlert occurs.

   Highlights of XCUITest

– Launching multiple apps at the same time (check if they interact)

– Warm start, sending an application to the background and undo it

– Taking screenshots, capturing a screenshot of error cases

– It makes a good async test

Earl Grey

Google published EarlyGrey at the beginnings of 2016 and it shares the same process with XCUITest in application communication which named as GreyBox testing. This testing can affect the shared memory; therefore the behavior of the application time could be changed at runtime.

How to Use?

First of all, you need to add EarlyGrey framework to the reputation to your project with cocoapods:

Creating the first test in Xcode is as easy as creating a new unit test class because EarlGrey is based on XCTest and be careful no to confuse Unit Test and UI Test. UI Test uses the new UI Testing feature which is freshly added to XCTest and it is not compatible with EarlGrey yet.

  1. Open the new file adding window and select the Unit Test case class to create a file on that page.
  2. We will not need the most of new testing cases made by Xcode. Add EarlGrey framework as follows to change the code and to leave only one testing method there.
  3. Let’s run some test with EarlGrey now

Due to the result of test looks, it is suitable to add a simple EarlGrey statement that checks a key window and claims it is displayed.

  • Testing text
  • Interacting with a button
  • Adding text in textfield
  1. The result is supposed to be visible at this point. The test will appear on the test navigator similarly the other tests provides. Then, you can activate by clicking the run button or selecting Ctrl+ method name.


Appium is different in comparison with XCUITest and EarlGrey and it does not require a usage of Cross-platform or a native language. The biggest advantage is that you can write test in your preferred language and use them on all supported platforms which saves from your test time. For different methods rather than Appium, you must write the same tests for each two platforms, thus Appium testing speeds faster than the other options.


Comparison of Automation Testing Tools

The table below shows a comparison of different tools which based on main characteristics of software automation.

FeaturesKatalon StudioSeleniumUFTTestComplete
Test Development PlatformCross-PlatformCross-PlatformWindowsWindows
Application Under TestWeb and Mobile appsWeb appsWindows Desktop, Web mobile appsWindows Desktop, Web mobile apps
Scripting LanguageJava/GroovyJava, C#, Perl, Python, Java Script, Ruby, PHPVBScriptJavascript, Python, VBScript,
Delphi, C++
Programming SkillNot required.
Recommended for advanced test script.
Advanced skills needed to integrate various tools.Not required.
Recommended for advanced test script.
Not required.
Recommended for advanced test script.
Learning CurvesMediumHighMediumMedium
Ease of Installation and UseEasy to set-up and runRequire installing and integration various toolsEasy to set-up and runEasy to set-up and run
Script Creation TimeQuickSlowQuickQuick
Object Storage and MainantenceBuilt in object repository, Xpath, object re-identificationXpath, UI MapsBuilt in object repository, smart object detection and correctionBuilt in object repository, detecting common object
Image Based TestingBuilt in supportRequire installing additional librariesBuilt in support, image based object recognitionBuilt in support
Contunious IntegratonPopular CI tools (e.g Jenkins, Teamcity)Various CI tools (e.g jenkins,Cruise Control)Various CI tools (e.g jenkins, HP Quality Center)Various CI tools (e.g jenkins, HP Quality Center)
Product SupportTicketing Support, communityOpen source communityDedicatied staff, communityDedicatied staff, community
Licence TypeFreewareOpen Source
(Apache 2.0)
CostFreeFreeLicence and maintetnance feesLicence and maintetnance fees


The Strengths and Weaknesses

The second table representing the main strengths and limitations of tools regarding to the comparison above.

Catalon Studio-Does not require licence
-Create test scenarios fast and integrate
needed frameworks
No language selection for script
SeleniumOpen to other tools for integrationSlow for communities
UFTComprehensive test featuresHigh cost and supports only VBScript
Test CompleteRequires only main programming skillsRequires high license fees to complete test alike UFT
RanorexFull C# support open to other tools for integrationRequires license

Easy Set Up

If you do these operations in order to use the terminal, Appium will be installed easily.


Web and Desktop Automation Tools Overview

  • Selenium

Selenium is the most popular automation infrastructure consisting of many tools and plugs for the usage of web application testing only and it is also known for its strong ability to support performance testing on web applications. It is the most popular option in the open-source test automation area due to its large and active development and user community.

Selenium has its own IDE but the most popular IDES also supports Selenium such as Eclipse, IntelliJ, and Catalon Studio. Selenium comes support with 9 programming languages, which are Java, C#, and Javascript are the most common.

  • HP Unified Functional Testing (UFT)

This test is the most probably the most commercial tool for functional test automation which is also known as Quick Test Professional (QTP).  HP UFT offers a comprehensive set of features that can meet the most functional automated testing requirements on desktop, mobile and web platforms.

  • Ranorex

Ranorex Studio is a commercial integrated platform for desktop, mobile, and web in a single license. Ranorex supports support C# and Visual Basic. Ranorex has pipeline integration with tools such as  Azure DevOps/Team Foundation ServerJenkins, Hudson. Has Integration with İssue Mamanegent tools such as JIRAAzure DevOps/Team Foundation Server

  • Test Complete

This is also a commercial integrated platform for desktop, mobile and web application testing such as UFT and Ranorex. TestComplete offers about a range of key test automation features like data-driven testing or cross-browser. Furthermore, this tool supports many languages such as JavaScript, Phyton, Jscript, C++ Script and C# Script.

  • Catalan Studio

Web application is a powerful test automation solution for mobile and web services which supports Windows, OSX and Linux beside it is the easiest and fastest tool for installation. Catalan Studio uses the solutions for integrated software automation built on Selenium and Appium. Non-programmers may find it easy to launch an automation test project while programmers and advanced users save time related to its advantages.


Each of these automation tools has unique features as an offer to growing challenges of software automation for years to come. The most useful and reachable features for continuous testing and integration happen through the right test management and reporting. Consequently, it is obvious to see that all of them support the growing automation needs and requirements for web and mobile testing.

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